A look at various personality disorders

Personality disorders may cause problems with relationships, work or school, and can lead to social isolation or alcohol or drug abuse.

Personality disorder definition

A person with borderline personality disorder may go to great lengths to avoid being abandoned, have repeated suicide attempts, display inappropriate intense anger or have ongoing feelings of emptiness. This causes significant problems and limitations in relationships, social activities, work and school. A doctor may prescribe medication and recommend therapy or counseling. This can lead to patterns of behaviour others describe as dramatic, unpredictable and disturbing. As well as listening and discussing important issues with you, the psychotherapist can suggest strategies to resolve problems and, if necessary, can help you change your attitudes and behaviour. Someone with a personality disorder may also have other mental health problems, such as depression and substance abuse. You can also visit the Royal College of Psychiatrists website , and charity websites Mind and Rethink Mental Illness for their patient information on treatment for other types of personality disorder. Diagnosis is typically made in individuals 18 or older. Treating a personality disorder Treatment for most personality disorders usually involves a course of psychological therapy. During IPT, the therapist will explore any negative issues associated with your interpersonal relationships and how these issues can be resolved.

However, they should only be delivered by a trained professional who has experience of working with personality disorders and other clinical conditions.

Personality Disorders What are Personality Disorders?

Personality disorders test

Therapeutic communities Therapeutic communities TCs are a form of group therapy, in which the experience of having a personality disorder is explored in depth. Cluster C personality disorders A person with a cluster C personality disorder struggles with persistent and overwhelming feelings of fear and anxiety. This depends on the severity of the disorder and whether there are ongoing problems. Therapeutic communities Therapeutic communities TCs are an intensive form of group therapy in which the experience of having a personality disorder is explored in depth. It's the way you view, understand and relate to the outside world, as well as how you see yourself. Risk factors Although the precise cause of personality disorders is not known, certain factors seem to increase the risk of developing or triggering personality disorders, including: Family history of personality disorders or other mental illness Abusive, unstable or chaotic family life during childhood Being diagnosed with childhood conduct disorder Variations in brain chemistry and structure Complications Personality disorders can significantly disrupt the lives of both the affected person and those who care about that person. In time, this can make it easier for the person to function in everyday life and to maintain healthy relationships with others.

According to the International OCD Foundationa person with OCPD may: appear inflexible feel an overwhelming need to be in control find that concerns about rules and efficiency make it hard to relax find it hard to complete a task, for fear that it is not perfect be uncomfortable when things are messy have difficulty delegating tasks to others be extremely frugal when it is not necessary to do so hoard items may be highly efficient in the workplace Others may see the individual as sanctimonious, stubborn, uncooperative, and obstinate.

Page last reviewed: 2 October Next review due: 2 October Support links.

Personality disorder treatment

One type of counseling is cognitive behavioral therapy CBT. Narcissistic personality disorder A person with narcissistic personality disorder swings between seeing themselves as special and fearing they are worthless. Or find out what mental health services exist and how to access them. A doctor may prescribe medication and recommend therapy or counseling. They are preoccupied with orderliness and ways to control their environment, and may come across to others as a "control freak". They include paranoid personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder and schizotypal personality disorder. A personality disorder is a way of thinking, feeling and behaving that deviates from the expectations of the culture, causes distress or problems functioning, and lasts over time. An excessive concern with perfectionism and hard work dominate the life of a person with OCDP. This is because personality disorders are serious conditions that can be associated with high-risk behaviours, such as self-harm. Personality disorders are thought to be caused by a combination of these genetic and environmental influences.

Untreated, personality disorders can cause significant problems in your life that may get worse without treatment. Psychological or medical treatment is often helpful, but support is sometimes all that's needed.

what are the 10 personality disorders

And you may blame others for the challenges you face. A doctor may prescribe medication and recommend therapy or counseling. Diagnosis of a personality disorder requires a mental health professional looking at long-term patterns of functioning and symptoms.

Or find out what mental health services exist and how to access them. The main personality disorders in this category are listed below. People under 18 are typically not diagnosed with personality disorders because their personalities are still developing.

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Personality disorder: What are the different types?