A paper on plate tectonics theory

A century ago, Wegener laid out the path to understanding the geodynamic processes behind the development of the earth.

plate tectonic theory summary

This is thought to develop are far more accurate age and when first used, it revealed 25 percent of the sample to be 2.

The following two flash resources are superb resources for you to use to make more detailed course notes. Meanwhile, debates developed around the phenomena of polar wander.

Plate motions cause mountains to rise where plates push together, or converge, and continents to fracture and oceans to form where plates pull apart, or diverge.

A paper on plate tectonics theory

In addition there are some metamorphic and sedimentary rocks. Note the line under the craton; that is the lower boundary of the plate.

Evidence for the theory of plate tectonics includes

If this processes continues long enough the two continental plates may break completely apart and separate fresh ocean crust begins to form. The darker the color is, the closer it is to normal polarity As more and more of the seafloor was mapped during the s, the magnetic variations turned out not to be random or isolated occurrences, but instead revealed recognizable patterns. Check Your Understanding Answer the question s below to see how well you understand the topics covered in the previous section. And to get there we need to a lot more research. Use this quiz to check your understanding and decide whether to 1 study the previous section further or 2 move on to the next section. They were published during an episode of extreme political and economic instability that hampered scientific communication. For example, India and Asia came together about 55 million years ago, which created the Himalaya Mountains, according to National Geographic. This ridge includes some of the Southwest portion of Iceland, but mostly deals with the portion of the ridge leading up to Iceland. America northern Europe fit does not work so well. Apart from the anomolous volcanoes, found in central locations within plates and associated with hot spots, active volcanoes are distributed along the plate boundaries.

With clues left behind in rocks and fossils, geoscientists can reconstruct the past history of Earth's continents. Warren Carey see above.

where are tectonic plates located

More important, because the presence of magnetite gives the basalt measurable magnetic properties, these newly discovered magnetic variations provided another means to study the deep ocean floor. The Indian continent that followed was too buoyant to be subducted and crashed into Eurasia with tremendous compressional force.

Plate tectonics essay conclusion

Plate boundaries Subduction zones, or convergent margins, are one of the three types of plate boundaries. Scientists think that the creation and breakup of a supercontinent takes place about every million years. As we delve deeper into the makeup of the Earth we come across certain aspects that take 13 billion years in the making to explain The lithosphere is what makes up the tectonic plates. They also found that the oceanic crust was much thinner than continental crust. What causes Hotspot Volcanoes. Sometimes, the missing piece of the scientific puzzle takes years to discover. Back arc basins are formed by minor convection cells above subduction zones. The earthquake and tsunami together have caused approximately 20, deaths, injuries and people missing The final type of plate boundary is a transform boundary. These boundaies form oceanic island arcs like that of the Philippines. The down warping of the oceanic plate forms a very deep ocean trench and the continental plate edge is affected by the reverse fault lines that cause folding of the plate to produce uplifted rock that forms Fold Mountains. Earthquakes, one of the most feared natural disasters can kill thousands and affect millions when they occur.

Summary Plates of lithosphere move because of convection currents in the mantle. Where did we come from.

Plate tectonics 5 paragraph essay

Specifically, they did not see how continental rock could plow through the much denser rock that makes up oceanic crust. Land based reptiles such as the freshwater aligator-like reptile Mesosaurus have been found in South America and South West of Africa. This suggests that a change happened around that time, in the way crust forming processes operated and that rocks older than 3. Earthquakes, one of the most feared natural disasters can kill thousands and affect millions when they occur. Developing the Theory In line with other previous and contemporaneous proposals, in the meteorologist Alfred Wegener amply described what he called continental drift, expanded in his book The Origin of Continents and Oceans [1] , and the scientific debate started that would end up fifty years later in the theory of plate tectonics. This paper will discuss the composition, movement and history of tectonic plates, the theory of plate tectonics and its history, and tectonic plates affect the surface of the earth today and will continue to do so in the future. The only tidings we have from those unfathomable regions are by means of volcanoes, those burning mountains that seem to discharge their materials from the lowest abysses of the earth. It is this turning over of the convection cells the drives the plate movements. The earth 's subsurface is broken up into a bunch of puzzle-like pieces. The puzzle pieces left behind by Pangaea, from fossils to the matching shorelines along the Atlantic Ocean, provided the first hints that the Earth's continents move. Check out these animations: Divergent plate boundary Can divergent plate boundaries occur within a continent? There are also many other plate tectonic related theories and studies that are connected with the earthquakes and volcanoes too. Covergent plate boundaries describe two plates that are moving into each other. The darker the color is, the closer it is to normal polarity As more and more of the seafloor was mapped during the s, the magnetic variations turned out not to be random or isolated occurrences, but instead revealed recognizable patterns. Most of these are found in the ocean basins, but the San Andreas fault in California and Mexico is an example coming on land.

Scientific research whereby sediment cores taken from deep ocean floors tell us a great deal about magnetic polarity shifts. This is known as the Reykjanes Ridge.

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The Theory of Plate Tectonics