Biology investigatory project

The term "genetically modified organism" does not always imply, but can include, targeted insertions of genes from one species into another. Viral infections in animals provoke an immune response that usually eliminates the infecting virus. Genetically are used to produce the protein insulin to treat diabetes.

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This is accomplished by isolating and copying the genetic material of interest using molecular cloning methods to generate a DNA sequence containing the required genetic elements for expression, and then inserting this construct into the host organism.

Immune responses can also be produced by vaccines, which confer an artificially acquired immunity to the specific viral infection. Students can compare how different metals conduct heat.

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Projects Related to the Environment The interconnected nature of humans and the world around them are appropriate subjects for environmental projects. There are two additional viruses Hepatitis D and Hepatitis E which have not yet been assigned to a family but are clearly distinct from the other families infecting humans.

The range of host cells that a virus can infect is called its "host range".

Biology project pdf

In , scientists at the University of Guelph in Ontario, Canada created the genetically engineered Enviropig. They include animals with genes knocked out, increased susceptibility to disease, hormones for extra growth and the ability to express proteins in their milk. These organisms are now used for several purposes, and are particularly important in producing large amounts of pure human proteins for use in medicine. Basic structural characteristics, such as genome type, virion shape and replication site, generally share the same features among virus species within the same family. Students could examine ways to reduce erosion by testing water flow on different types of ground such as sand or soil. The genetically engineered 'superbug'—highly lethal and resistant to environmental influence or any medical treatment—is only a small part of this story. It has got numerous applications in medicine ranging from vaccines to transgenic organ transplants. Students could test different fertilizers on growing plants to see which ones make them grow taller, or they could test how different amounts of water affect plant growth rates. When this cell replicates it uses the synthetic genome as its template. Students can make models of earthquake faults and plate tectonics. Students could engage family members to investigate whether exercise, meditation or a combination of both reduces stress. Make Use of knife to cut onions into two pieces of wedge-shaped Use eyedropper for placing a drop of the distilled water at the center of the slide of the microscope.

The data and other features are attached to the report as well. These genes can code for medicines or enzymes that process food and other substrates.

Investigatory project in biology with procedure

The large type of multicellular algae reside in ponds and also in the oceans. A virus outside a cell is an inert bit of particulate matter; once inside, however, the virus seizes command of the cell's biosynthetic machinery, converting the cell into a "high-tech" factory for the production of new virus particles. I also wish to acknowledge my heart full thanks to Sir Sebastian T Joseph, the Principle of our school, my parents and friends who helped me to complete the project in time. Some viruses have, in addition to this coat, a soft outer envelope, which confers some special properties. Broad topics for such projects include biology, chemistry, environmental projects, earth science, physics and astronomy, and projects related to everyday life. The data and other features are attached to the report as well. Repeat steps 7 and 8 for your plant cell science project. An important technical breakthrough was the development of procedures for generation of stably transgenic hydras and sea anemones by embryo microinjection. Animal products have also been developed, currently on the market. The most common type of viral disease is the common cold, which is caused by a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract nose and throat. High oil prices, competing demands between foods and other biofuel sources, and the world food crisis, have ignited interest in alga culture farming algae for making biodiesel, bioethanol, biogasoline, biomethanol, biobutanol and other biofuels, using land that is not suitable for agriculture 15 Biodiesel - Currently most research into efficient algal-oil production is being done in the private sector, but predictions from small scale production experiments bear out that using algae to produce biodiesel may be the only viable method by which to produce enough automotive fuel to replace current world diesel usage. With so many choices for investigatory projects, students can pick from anything that catches their interest. Genentech announced the production of genetically 5 engineered human insulin in Plants, animals or micro organisms that have changed through genetic engineering are termed genetically modified organisms or GMOs.
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Biology investigatory project on mitiosis